Today we will talk about what kind of disk are available on a virtual machine (VM) on Windows Azure. I decided to write this post after someone asked me why the content of disk D: was lost after a restart. He told me that this is a bug of Azure, but is not.
When you are creating a Windows Azure Virtual Machine you will observe that you have more than one disk attached to it. There are 3 types of disk that can exist on a VM on Azure:
- OS Disk – drive C:
- Temporary Storage Disk – drive D:
- Data disk – drive E:, F:, …
The OS disk contains the operating system. This is VHD that can be attached to the machine and contains the operation system. You can create custom VHD that contains the operating system and all other application that you need. In this moment the maximum size of this disk is around 124GB. If you need more space, you can use the data disks.
Each VM can have one or more data disk attached to it. Each VHD that is attached to the VM can have maximum 1TB and the maximum number of data disks that can be attached to a VM is 20. I thing that there is enough space available for any scenario that we imagine.
The Temporary Storage disk is used to store temporary information. For example if you need to cache different content like pictures or documents. In the case of the restart or if something happens with the machine, all the content of this disk is lost. Because of this you should never store data that need to be persisted on this disk. The scope of this disk is not to persist data.
Usually people tend to use this disk to persistent data because they are looking only on the happy flow, when the machine don’t crash or a restart is happening (and don’t read the MSDN). In the happy flow you can have the sensation that the temporary storage disk (D:) can be used to persist your data. You can see and access your data all the time.
Don’t try to use the OS disk to persist data. The same thing will happen when something goes wrong and the machine restart. Your original VHD image will be attached. Because of this all the changes will be lost.
If you need to persist any kind of information you should use the data disks. The information from this disk will not be lost in the case of a crash. Also, you should know that all the VHD images are stored in the blob storage.
From my perspective, all the information that need to be persisted should be stored in the blob. Why? Because you will need to access this data from more than one location.
In conclusion, we shouldn’t use disk D: (temporary storage disk) to store data that need to be persisted. The best place to store this kind of data is data disks or blobs.