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Microsoft Live - Live Connect

Windows LIVE series:

Si am ajuns la lucruri mai interesante. O sa incep azi sa povestim despre Live Connect. Ce putem sa facem cu Live Connect? Un user conectat la aplicatia noastra se poate conecta la email, SkyDrive, messeaging sau orice alt serviciu folosind un Live ID.
Cum il folosim? Partea buna in toata nebunia asta este ca API-ul de Live Connect este conform standardului OAuth 2.0 si suporta atat JSON cat si protocolul XMPP. Acesta poate sa fie integrat in orice fel de aplicatie, indiferent de limbaj sau platforma.
Daca e prima data cand auziti de XMPP, trebuie sa stiti ca acesta este un standard de comunicare pentru aplicatiile de chat, care permite ca sa ne integram aplicatiile proprii de chat cu Messenger-ul de la Microsoft faca nici o problema.
In urmatorul exemplu o sa vedem ce trebuie sa facem ca un utilizator sa se autentifice prin apeluri de tip REST:
- redirectam userul spre urmatoarea pagina, unde reprezinta id-ul pe care l-am primit cand ne-am inregistrat aplicatia, iar reprezinta url spre care userul o sa fie redirectionat in momentul in care procesul de autentificare s-a terminat cu succes. Despre parametrul vrea sa vorbim putin mai tarziu
https://oauth.live.com/authorize?client_id=<client_id>&scope=<scope>&response_type=code&redirect_uri=<redirect_url>
- dupa ce autentificare sa terminat, userul este redirectionat spre . In url o sa avem un parametru cu numele de 'code', pe baza caruia, putem sa obtinem token-ul de acces a userului. Folosind acest cod putem sa accesam orice serviciu integrat cu Live Connect. Mai jos gasiti modul in care serverul o sa ne apeleze aplicatia:
<redirect_url>?code=<o_cheie_unica>
- token-ul de acces a userului, de care avem nevoie ca sa accesam serviciile dorite se obtine apeland urmatorul url:
https://oauth.live.com/token?client_id=<client_id>&redirect_uri=<redirect_url>&client_secret=<client_secret_key>&code=<code>&grant_type=authorization_code

  • client_secret_key - reprezinta cheia unica pe care am obtinut-o cand am inregistrat aplicatia
  • authorization_code - specifica modul prin care vrem sa obtinem token-ul clientului. In cazul nostru pe baza codului pe care l-am obtinut la pasul precedent
Raspunsul care o sa ne vina in urma ultimului apel o sa contina 5 elemente:
  1. access_token - token-ul de acces la servicii, pe care o sa il folosim cand vrem sa accesam un serviciu
  2. authentification_token - token-ul de autentificare
  3. scope - pentru ce servicii poate sa fie folosit token-ul
  4. token_type - tipul de token obtinut( de obicei o sa fie 'bearer')
  5. expires_in - durata de timp cand token-ul de acces poate sa fie folosit( valoarea este exprimata in secunde).
Mai jos gasiti un exemplu de raspuns in format JSON, pe care il primim in urma apelului:
{    "access_token" : "ExxXCSFCCWEECECE...AA==",    "authentication_token" : "423423-423424-2342342";    "expires_in" : 3600,    "scope" : "wl.signin wl.basic wl.calendars",    "token_type" : "bearer"}
Intr-un alt post o sa revin cu o descriere despre cum consumam serviciile integrate cu Live ID. Ce trebuie sa tinem minte este ca ce trebuie sa facem este sa apelam un url, cu anumiti parametrii in care sa includem si token-ul de acces.
Am ramas dator cu o explicatie. Ce este un SCOPE? Actiune prin care cerem permisiune unui user sa accesam unu sau mai multe servicii in numele acestuia.
Exista trei tipuri de scope:
  • core - sunt serviciile de baza precum: conectare la Live Connect, lista de contacte, acces offline la date, fara ca userul sa mai fie nevoit sa se autentifice in aplicatia noastra
  • extended - cateva servicii auxiliare, care completeaza functionalitatiile de baza( calendar, poze, skydrive, messeger, etc)
  • developer - servici create de catre alti dezvoltatori, care sunt integrate cu Live Connect( orice persoana poate sa scrie o aplicatie si sa fie accesibila de catre orice persoana prin intermediul Live Connect)
Pentru o lista detaliata puteti accesa urmatorul link http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh243646.aspx.

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